The 1993 settlement in the Yukon, also known as the Umbrella Final Agreement, was the result of work by the Council for Yukon Indians (CYI), an organization formed in 1973 to represent the interests of all those of Native ancestry in that territory. The CYI's point of departure was the fact that its members' lands had never been surrendered and so they claimed a continuing Aboriginal title. In negotiations with the federal government, the CYI sought to address the social, economic, and communication disparities between Native and non-Native in the Yukon. The agreement itself was signed in 1993 and contained a variety of provisions new to claims settlements. These included guarantees for the protection of wildlife and the creation of an obligation to negotiate self-government agreements with the various peoples. An important change was the concerted effort to find language that did not include the complete extinguishment of Aboriginal title, a particularly sensitive issue. The agreement provided that 44,000 square kilometres and $260 million be divided among Yukon Native communities. There were also provisions for the creation of a Yukon-wide planning council on land use and for councils to deal with regional planning and wildlife management. Final agreements were to be negotiated with each Native community. Parliament passed the enabling legislation for these procedures in 1994.

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