Frustrated by the glacial pace of the land claims process, the government commissioned yet another investigation, and, in 1985, the Coolican Report, entitled Living Treaties, Lasting Agreements, was issued. The report addressed the thorny issue of Aboriginal land title, the relinquishment of which the government had hitherto demanded as part of claims settlements. Coolican's advice was to stop viewing treaties or claims negotiations as "once and for all" procedures and urged that the participants instead focus on the resolution of particular problems as they arose. The report also questioned the necessity of requiring Natives to surrender Aboriginal rights. The role of the courts in the claims process was also scrutinized, and Coolican observed that the legal system was adversarial by nature and thus an inappropriate tool for the resolution of disputes in a relationship such as that which was supposed to exist between Native peoples and the government. The impact of the report was mixed, especially in government circles where there was reluctance to retreat from the established position on the surrender of Aboriginal title and rights.

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