The first international organization of Aboriginal peoples, the World Council of Indigenous Peoples, was founded in Vancouver in 1975. It came about in part from the actions of Canadian Aboriginal leaders, in particular George Manuel, and from the work of such organizations as the National Indian Brotherhood of Canada. Manuel argued that Indians and other Native peoples constituted a "Fourth World," internal colonies in a variety of modern nations around the world.  The World Council is devoted to developing unity among Indigenous peoples throughout the world, strengthening their organizations, and battling the racism, injustice, and dangers they continue to face. Manuel served as the first president of the organization, which was instrumental in raising the international profile of Indigenous rights and in prompting the United Nations to draft a Declaration of Rights of Indigenous Peoples.

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