The Natives who enlisted in the Canadian forces during the Second World War experienced a wider range of opportunities than they had in civilian life. The experience, however, made the return home particularly frustrating. Their lack of civil rights and the restrictions of life on the reserves seemed even more constricting when contrasted with their overseas experiences. Many forced veterans' associations to press for change, and the result was the Joint Senate and House of Commons Committee on the Indian Act. The committee held hearings that originally ignored the input of Natives on the process and made recommendations that James Gladstone and other Native leaders rejected as inappropriate. The committee then reconvened to hear testimony from Natives themselves.