In an effort to expand Canadian agricultural production in support of the First World War, the government introduced the Greater Production program. When officials realized that reserve farm lands were not producing at their full potential, a 1918 amendment to the Indian Act addressed the problem. It allowed reserve lands to be appropriated or leased for farming purposes without band permission. The program, which involved the creation of three "Greater Production" farms on reserve land encompassing some 62,000 acres, was also paid for out of band funds, again without band permission. Natives gained little if anything from the program, although this part of it operated largely at their expense. Protests were raised, but without effect. The development of ranching on the Blood reserve, in particular, was set back considerably as a result of the program. The Greater Production program did not involve a permanent loss of lands, but it did underline the arbitrary attitude Ottawa took toward Indian reserve land rights.