The displacement of reserves and the sale of Native lands had become commonplace by 1916, but the expropriation of property belonging to the Peguis band near Selkirk, Manitoba, gained considerable attention because of the resistance of band members to this procedure. The St. Peter's Reserve Act was passed in 1916 to establish individual plots of land for Natives on the reserve acreage and to allow non-Natives to purchase similar plots. The remuneration from the land sales was to be given to the band, but no Native was permitted to have input on the decision to sell the land. Many band members who did not hold title to individual allotments still refused to leave the old reserve for the new location, some 100 kilometres away, and were subsequently arrested and convicted of trespassing. This was only one example of the displacement of Native populations and sale of reserve lands in Canada in this period and of Native resistance to the imposition. After the war, land was also expropriated from reserves for the Soldier Settlement Board to distribute to returning returning veterans.

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Chinook Multimedia

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