The province of British Columbia had been particularly intransigent in granting reserve lands since the retirement of Governor James Douglas. Despite two royal commission investigations into the matter and repeated petitions from Aboriginal peoples in the province, Natives made little headway in attempting to have reserve lands set aside. Indeed, they had reserves drastically reduced or eliminated altogether. As a response to this behaviour on the part of the provincial and federal governments, several bands formed the Allied Tribes of British Columbia. Represented by Andrew Paull, a Squamish chief, and the Reverend Peter Kelly of the Haida band, the Allied Tribes contested the province's actions in reducing reserves and insisted upon the recognition of Native land rights. This struggle culminated in the establishment of a special joint committee of the Senate and the House of Commons in 1927 to investigate the B.C. lands issue.