As part of the extended negotiations of Treaty 3, the government representatives and the Métis of Rainy River reached an agreement wherein the people were represented as a distinct Métis-not Indian-community. These provisions were not fulfilled, however, and the government shortly repudiated the adhesion. The Métis of Rainy River were therefore denied treaty benefits, as were many other Ontario Métis in different circumstances. In the 1905 negotiations for Treaty 9, which included the region around Moose Factory, where a significant population of Métis resided, the more conventional government approach was adopted. Those Métis who identified themselves as Indians were accorded treaty benefits, while the rest were offered scrip.

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