Within a few years of the establishment of the Manitoba Act, many of the Métis people opted to move west as they were rapidly outnumbered by the encroaching wave of English-speaking settlers from Ontario. Many settled along the Saskatchewan River, establishing once more their distinct river-lot land patterns and creating new communities. The area surrounding the Oblate mission of St. Laurent soon became populated enough to require a form of government, and Gabriel Dumont, a skilled buffalo hunter and farmer, led a movement to establish such a body. Dumont was elected president of an eight-member council, with powers to create laws, establish taxation and labour corvées, and provide a means of settling disputes between settlers.

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Chinook Multimedia


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