Established under the authority of Sir Charles Bagot (Governor General of British North America), the Bagot Commission (1842-1844) attempted to wrestle with the many problems of administering the Aboriginal population of British North America. The commission recommended that a centralized administration be established for the colonies in North America and that Native peoples be entitled to compensation for land surrendered to settlers. Bagot also stated that reserve lands set aside for Native populations should be surveyed and that Natives on reserves should be given agricultural tools and livestock and taught European farming methods. Education should be introduced to the reserves as a means of establishing values such as individual property ownership in place of traditional communal land holdings.

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